Portugal is located on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain.
Its territory also includes also two archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean: the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores.
Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal. It's also one of the oldest cities in the world, and the second-oldest European capital city (after Athens in Greece).
The city of Lisbon is rich in architecture; Romanesque, Gothic, Manueline, Baroque, Modern and Postmodern constructions can be found all over Lisbon.
The city is also crossed by historical boulevards and monuments, and home to numerous prominent museums and art collections, from all around the world.
Mainland Portugal is split by its main river, the Tagus. The northern landscape is mountainous towards the interior with several plateaus indented by river valleys, whereas the south, including the Algarve and the Alentejo regions, is characterized by rolling plains.
The archipelago includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the Savage Islands. The archipelago of Madeira is noted for its Madeira wine, gastronomy, historical and cultural value, flora and fauna, and landscapes that are classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Azores is an archipelago composed of nine volcanic islands. Mount Pico, on the island of Pico, is the highest point in Portugal, at 2,351 metre (7,713 feet). If measured from their base at the bottom of the ocean to their peaks, which thrust high above the surface of the Atlantic, the Azores are among the tallest mountains on the planet.